The World Population Day 2020 will take place on 11 July. On 11 July 1987, according to UN calculations, the world population exceeded five billion people.
To draw attention to the problems associated with this, 11 July each year since 1989 has been declared International World Population Day.
Population trends in developing and transition countries in particular call for a sustainable policy in this area.
Family planning, education, preventive health care, information - these are important steps in the fight against poverty and for a life in dignity.
In 1994, 179 countries had already met in Cairo for the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD). They were looking for ways to pursue a successful development policy, taking population growth into account.
The UN expects 8.0 billion people by 2025 and 9.2 billion by 2050. If the birth rate - as assumed in the forecast - settles at 1.85 in the long term, a decline in population can be expected soon thereafter.
The proportion of the urban population is expected to rise to over 60% by 2030 and reach around 70% in 2050. In 1950 it was still 30%, the rural population 70%.
The UN also expects a further increase in global urbanization in the future. In 2007, for the first time in history, more people lived in cities than in the countryside.
Population policy is therefore also an important field of work for German Development Cooperation.
In almost all its sectors, it implements measures that directly or indirectly affect the population dynamics of a country.