Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development


In 2015, the “2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development” was adopted by all member states at a special UN summit meeting in New York. The Agenda was developed with broad civil society participation. It represents a milestone in the history of the United Nations.

Globale Ziele für nachhaltige Entwicklung
Globale Ziele für nachhaltige Entwicklung © Ken Robinson

The 2030 Agenda builds on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) of 200. Faced with the great global challenges, the Millennium Summit in 2010 took the decision to elaborate a new agenda, which should take into account all dimensions of sustainable development e.g. the economic, social and ecological dimensions. 

The 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) – which is at the heart of the 2030 Agenda –with their 169 targets take into account in a balanced manner the three dimensions of sustainable development. They are guided by five determining principles: people, planet, prosperity, peace and partnership.

For the first time, all countries worldwide committed themselves to implementing the SDGs - regardless of whether they are developed, emerging or developing countries. An important principle of the SDGs is the requirement to leave no one behind.

Germany is also requested to meet the SDGs, for example in development cooperation, the strengthening of resource-efficient production and sustainable consumption.

Germany as a pioneer: Implementation of the German Sustainable Development Strategy

German Sustainable Development Strategy 
German Sustainable Development Strategy  © Bundesregierung/Stutterheim

The principal framework for the implementation of the “Agenda 2030” in Germany is the German Sustainable Development Strategy.

With this reference document, Germany takes a leading role. Thus the Federal Government explains in detail, how the SDGs will be implemented in Germany. To this end, 63 concrete national goals were defined, based on the 17 SDGs.

Hence, the German Sustainable Development Strategy is an ambitious roadmap with measurable and concrete goals for economic, ecological and social transformation by 2030.

The central steering committee of the strategy is the State Secretary Committee for Sustainable Development headed by the head of the Federal Chancellery. All ministries are represented at the level of state secretaries.

In the Bundestag, the Parliamentary Advisory Council supervises the sustainability strategy for Sustainable Development.

The Council for Sustainable Development (RNE) advises the Federal Government on all sustainability issues and contributes the topic to society.

The federal states and municipalities, civil society, industry and science make a fundamental contribution to the development and implementation of the DNS and regularly meet in the context of the Sustainability Forum in the Federal Chancellery.

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