Especially in parts of sub-Saharan Africa, Southeast Asia and Western Asia, the food situation has worsened.
The main reasons for this are armed conflicts and natural disasters such as droughts and floods.
The number of people suffering from malnourishment in all its forms worldwide has also increased. In 2016, around 41 million children under the age of five years were overweight.
Investments in agriculture in developing countries shall lead to
- sustainably increasing yields and higher productivity as well as to
- increased purchasing power of the local population.
The human right to food
The international community has adopted international standards and guidelines within the United Nations that act as a point of reference government action in the area of food security.
- the human right to food,
- the human right to water and sanitation, and
- the voluntary guidelines on the right to Food.
The FAO Voluntary Guidelines on the Right to Food
The "Voluntary Guidelines to Support the Gradual Realization of the Right to Adequate Food in the Context of National Food Security", adopted by the FAO in November 2004, provide governments with recommendations for action to realize the right to food.
The guidelines call for increased efforts by the member states of the United Nations to combat hunger.
Food security projects - the Bilateral Trust Fund with the FAO
Since 2002, the BMEL has been supporting projects of the International Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) through a Bilateral Trust Fund (BTF) to overcome hunger and malnutrition.
The focus of the BTF is the promotion of food security and agriculture in rural areas.
With an annual budget of 10 million euros, the BTF has provided around 120 million euros for more than 100 projects since 2002.
Through this voluntary financial commitment, Germany makes an additional contribution to the implementation of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
As of March 2018