The importance of humanitarian aid has increased due to increasing crises in developing countries, particularly in Africa and the Middle East.
Humanitarian aid and transitional development assistance
Humanitarian aid can be divided into five different Areas:
- Immediate aid in the event of sudden disasters,
- Emergency assistance in ongoing crisis situations,
- Transitional development assistance (TDA) as a link between short-term emergency measures and long-term development cooperation,
- Emergency preparedness,
- Mine and munitions clearance.
Competence in the first three areas is shared between BMZ and AA.
Connecting humanitarian aid and development cooperation
Transitional development assistance means reducing humanitarian needs in the long term and creating structures for sustainable development processes.
Furthermore, the aim of transitional development assistance is to create transitions (“connectedness”), i.e. to better link humanitarian aid and development cooperation.
TDA makes dynamic use of
- the humanitarian aid for which the Federal Foreign Office is responsible and which pursues the overriding goal of ensuring survival,
- and the BMZ's medium to long-term development cooperation.
In order to effectively achieve the objectives outlined above, the BMZ supports projects in the following areas within the framework of transitional aid:
- Reconstruction of basic social and productive infrastructure,
- Disaster risk reduction,
- (Re-)integration of refugees,
- Food security.
At the United Nations World Summit in 2016, a closer coordination between humanitarian aid and development cooperation was agreed in order to strengthen the link between the areas of intervention.
With the TDA, Germany is the only country with an instrument that can close the gap between humanitarian aid and development cooperation.
Together with the BMZ, a project team develops proposals on how the ministry can consolidate this competitive advantage and position itself with the Instrument.